View of Knowledge: The way people think impacts their behavior.
View of Learning: Learning is a function of how a person processes information
Inform Instruction: Provides a structure for learning that supports the learner who is developing internal procedures necessary to perform tasks. Teachers must understand the learning task and communicate the approach to the learner..
Theorists: Downes, Siemens
View of Knowledge: Sees knowledge as a network
View of Learning: Views learning as a process of pattern recognition
Inform Instruction: Led to massive open online course (MOOC) phenomenon.
Theorists: Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner, Dewey
View of Knowledge: Constructed by the learner and is unique different for each person
View of Learning; Consists of individuals' constructed meanings
Inform Instruction: Focuses on student-centered learning and group interactions. Teachers are guides. Allow ample time for knowledge to be actively built.
Theorists: Skinner, Pavlov,Watson, Thorndike
View of Knowledge: Exists independently of people.
View of Learning: New behaviors are acquired through associations between stimuli and responses.