Has evolved from tablets to books, to modern-day digital collections
The Library of Alexandria
invented a printing press
process in 1454
The Gutenberg printing press
1900 - 1960s - Development of microphotography
1960s - First computers in libraries
1970s - Online information in reference
1980s - CD Rom and Integrated Library Systems (ILS)
1990s - Internet and World Wide Web
2000s - Online information technologies: digital libraries, web portal, Web 2.0, social networking
In order for a Web 2.0 platform to be considered a Library 2.0 technology, it must have these four elements: It must be user-centered, provide a multi-media experience, be socially rich, and be communally innovative (Maness, 2006, para. 8).
Impact of Technology on Individuals and Society
"We connect people to knowledge. We bring people together with the intellectual content of the past and present so that new knowledge
can be created ... This is what we have always been about." T Scott Plutchak
Ubiquity of Information
Library and Information Science Professionals
Future Jobs Forecast
Librarian - 7% Growth 2012-2022
Information Security Analyst Job Growth- 37% 2012 - 2022
Information Systems Manager - 15 % Growth 2012-2022
Top job skills employers are seeking
Hard Skills: digital competencies
Soft Skills: Service orientation, communication skills both verbal and written
Educational Requirements: Most jobs required a MLIS or equivalent.
Library and Information Science graduates can expect to earn more, depending on their positions.
Information Systems Manager
Information security, information economics, and incentive-centered design.
Computer Systems Analyst
Usability, user experience design, user interface, information architecture, ubiquitous computing
Information literacy, intellectual freedom, access, web 2.0, outreach, and diversity
Conservation, metadata, digitization, accessibility, compliance, MARC standards
Librarians proving their value by becoming indispensable to the learning process.
Oliphant, T. (2017) I;m a Library tree hugger: Public libraries as valued community assets. Public Library Quarterly, 33(4), p. 348-361.
Teaching validity of sources and information found on the internet
Diversity, Globalization, and Leadership
Libraries are empowering people for change
Public libraries are “cultural institutions
that engage considerable physical, economic, and moral resources to
improve the social and intellectual capacity of their communities." Tami Oliphant, 2017
Tami Oliphant (2014) “I’m a Library Hugger!”: Public Libraries as Valued Community Assets, Public Library Quarterly, 33:4, 348-361, DOI: 10.1080/01616846.2014.970431
Ethnicity and race
Dimensions of Diversity
"Diversity is a celebration of difference, internationalism, intellectual diversity, global village, multiculturalism, diversity of work style, and diversity of learning style" Balderrama, 2000
Outreach to those in economic hardship
1. Look beyond income level 2. Focus on cause 3. Remove barriers 4. Get to know people out of the library 5. Understand that charity is not dignity
Outreach to those with different language backgrounds
Libraries and Information Centers
These centers are changing, as is the way that patrons use them to locate, evaluate, and use information
For any genuine appreciation of what an information society is like, and how different—or similar—it is to other social systems, we must surely examine the meaning and quality of the
information. What sort of information has increased? Who has generated what kind of information, for what purposes, and with what consequences? Webster 2017
Library and Information Science Ethics
"Ethical dilemmas occur when values are in conflict" ALA Code of Ethics
Free and equitable access
Current Trends: Open access, creative commons, digital repositories
Censorship, fair representation, and intellectual freedom
“It is every information
professional’s responsibility to maintain and ethical
environment, but this is also a special responsibility of the
management because of increased ethical burden.” Rubin and Froelich 2010
Article: Rubin, R., & Froehlich, T. J. (2017). Ethical aspects of library and information science. In J. McDonald & M. Levine-Clark (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences (4th ed., Vol. 1, pp. 1743-1757). Boca Raton: CRC Press.
Privacy and confidentiality
Trust, ownership , and validity of information.
Fair use, licensing, DRM Digital Rights Management, and copyright
Private vs Public interests
Google Book Project: Copyright VS "public good" VS profit
"DO NO EVIL"
MLIS is the convergence of Library Science and Information Science
Emerging Trends in Library and Information Science
The vast amount of information and data today is unprecedented. Librarians must strive to keep ahead of the trends so as to help their patrons navigate through it all.
"It is conceivable that the nation-states will one day battle for control of information, just as they battled in the past for control over territory." Jean Francois Lyotard, 1924
"...libraries must come to curate digital data to protect and disseminate the intellectual capital of society." Bryan Heidorn, 2011
Article - P. Bryan Heidorn (2011) The Emerging Role of Libraries in Data Curation and E-science, Journal of Library Administration, 51:7-8, 662-672, DOI: 10.1080/01930826.2011.601269
New discovery and access options for researchers using repositories.
Partnering to discover and reuse data
Device neutral digital services
Using Big Data in Libraries
ARTICLE: Research Planning and Review Committee. (2014). 2014 top ten trends in academic libraries: A review of the trends and issues affecting academic libraries in higher education. College & Research Libraries News, 75(6), 294-302.
"We can take small pieces of data and create more value by putting them together" Jer Thorpe - Ted Ed Module 1 video